Schemes  Farm Mechaanization   Introduction

Farm Mechaanization 
Introduction

Mechanization will help in increasing the productivity and reduce cost of cultivation. It will also enable the farmer to complete farming operations in time. Depending on the types of crops grown, soil conditions, local situations and requirements in the Districts, the Department is contemplating to distribute various farm machinery and implements on subsidy basis.

Status of mechanization in the State:
Most of the farming is carried out on small holdings. Mechanization possibility is strongly influenced by the farm size, cost of farm labour, machines and energy. The farming system continues to utilize manual power, animal power and tractor Power. In order to bring more land under cultivation and to improve productivity per unit area, it is necessary to introduce other sources of power like tractors, power tillers, oil engines, electric motors and renewable energy.

Factors accentuating the need for Farm Mechanization:

  • Increased migration of rural workers to urban areas, increase in cost of farm labour.

  • Sustainable agricultural productivity.

  • Over dependence on monsoons.

  • Need for High Cost Machinery for better turnout in shorter time.

Limiting factors in Farm Mechanization:
The following are the limiting factors in farm mechanization:
  • Small land holdings

  • Less investing capacity of farmers

  • Lack of repair and servicing facilities for machines

  • Lack of trained man power

  • Lack of coordination between research organizations and manufacturers.

  • High cost of machines.

  • Inadequate quality control of machines.

The demand for modern farm implements and machinery is increasing year by year. The usage of improved implements played a major role in improvement of yields and also the efficiency of farming operations. The allocation under Farm Mechanization during to 2013-14 is Rs. 266.08 Crores.
The implements which are commonly used by the farmers are being categorized into 3 broad categories.

A. Less than Rs.1.00 lakh equipment:

Animal drawn implements like 3 tyne cultivators, Ridge ploughs, green manure trampler, puddler, seed planter, winnowing fans and some power tiller operated and tractor attached machinery, self propelled machinery etc., are proposed to be supplied to SC & ST farmers under this category. Hence in order to enable supply of any type of equipment to SC & ST farmers on individual basis, they find it very difficult to raise 50% of non subsidy portion and hence additional subsidy of 15% proposed to be allotted to SC and ST farmers under RKVY .
B.Rs. 1 Lakh to 5 Lakhs —- Mid range of Farm Equipment:

Like maize shellers, groundnut threshers, maize dehuskers, groundnut decorticators, paddy threshers (operated by electric power, Tractor PTO, diesel engines), multi crop threshers, dry pod or wet pod groundnut threshers, paddy threshers, Paddy transplanters, mini dal mills, paddy cleaners cum graders, turmeric polishing machines, chilly driers, gravity separators, seed processing equipment mounted on trolley, groundnut digger and shakers, automatic seedling machines, nursery trays (5000 Nos), laser guided land leveler, wet land leveler, straw baler, vibro cultivator, transplanter, fertilizer drill cum intercultivator for tobacco crop, stubble shredders, sugarcane trash mover, tractor drawn Bund formers (imported), 6 rows Power weeders (imported), rotovators, sprayers etc., are proposed to be supplied to a group of three farmers. .
C. Above 5 Lakhs- High range of farm equipment:

Paddy transplanters with trays, maize harvesters, combine harvester for groundnut, multi crop tractor mounted paddy, maize, soybean harvester, establishment of Custom Hiring Stations for paddy with the package of machinery proposed for paddy crop, sugarcane, cotton, maize crop, groundnut and tobacco crop only to group of five farmers.
Subsidy Proposed:

Low cost farm equipment are proposed to SC and ST farmers (Equipment price less than Rs.1.00 lakh) Mid range farm equipment are proposed to group of farmers (at least three) only. Subsidy allowed is 50%. The non subsidy is to be paid by the beneficiary groups either through bank loan or from the own resources. Any machinery costing above Rs.5.00 lakh and custom hiring centers should be allowed to group of farmers (at least five farmers) only. The subsidy allowed is 50 % for Custom Hiring Stations and for other equipment or machinery, subsidy is allowed at specific rates mentioned therein. The non subsidy is to be paid by the beneficiary groups through bank loan only. Additional subsidy of 15% is proposed to SC and ST farmers under all 3 categories under RKVY.
I. Establishment of Custom Hiring Stations:

The concept to establishing Custom Hiring centers for paddy, sugarcane, groundnut, maize, cotton and tobacco implemented in 2012-13 are proposed to be continued during 2013-14.

Tractor can be supplied only when the mandatory items are taken. The beneficiary groups can either choose 6 row Paddy transplanter or 8 row paddy transplanter. The cost of the package is worked out based on 8 row paddy transplanter. The over all subsidy of 50% is proposed for the package. The subsidy on 55 HP tractor is limited to 2 lakhs. The subsidy on rotovator for either 36 blades / 42 blades is limited to Rs.0.50 Lakhs. Hence the subsidy percentage for some items like, automatic seedling machine, transplanter, soil pulverizer, wet land leveler, straw baler is 60% for groups only under this package.

The subsidy is worked on the Mini tractor with rotovator. The subsidy on Transplanter is taken as 60% of the cost.

3. Direct sowing (Drum Seeder & Power Weeders) for individual :

The subsidy on direct sowing (Drum Seeder & Power Weeders) for individual are proposed with a financial allocation of Rs 2.50 crores where non NFSM ( Rice) districts not covered and other districts will be taken up under RKVY during 2013-14.

4. Nursery package:

This package is proposed to be operated by women groups. It is proposed to allocate 70% subsidy (Rs. 0.50 Lakhs) to women groups who raises the nursery for the above said package and for others it shall be 50% subsidy (Rs. 0.37 Lakhs). This will promote increase of nursery centers in the village. Thereby it shall promote the mechanical transplantation under paddy cultivation. At least 180-200 acres of nursery is required per season to get transplanted by a 6 row transplanter, to become a viable proposition to transplant @ 5-6 acres / day / transplanter.

5. Package of machinery under Harvesting package to farmer group with bank loans :

This package machinery is proposed to group of farmers (5 farmers) and the non subsidy is to be paid through bank loan only. If a bigger size straw baler is used, 50% of the cost of the unit not exceeding Rs.5.00 lakhs is proposed.

6. Package of Machinery under Custom Hiring Center for Maize:
7.Package of machinery in Custom Hiring Center for Groundnut:
8. Custom Hiring Center for Sugarcane (SSI):

It is proposed to sensitize the sugarcane growers on the usage of machinery to reduce the cost of cultivation in sugarcane crop. Some machinery like trash shredder, Leaf stripper are proposed under this package. Due to the shortage of use of these machinery and due to the need for usage, it is proposed for increase in subsidy to 50% limited to Rs. 50 lakhs per unit.

9. Custom Hiring Center for Cotton:
10. Custom Hiring Center for Tobacco:
II. Supply of tarpaulins:

It has been always been a challenge to protect the produce after harvest due to rain and fog. Hence it is proposed to supply storage bins, protection equipment like tarpaulins worth Rs. 3 crores during 2013-14.

III. Solar Fencing:

It is requested from districts like Warangal, Nalgonda, Adilabad, Khammam, Visakhapatnam to protect the fields from the attack on the produce by wild animals. 50% Subsidy is proposed towards establishment of solar fencing taking a village as a whole unit and to make the farmers covered under this area into groups. Rs. 1 crore is proposed during the year.
IV. Post Harvest cum procurement centre:

It is felt there is a need for proper cleaning and grading of the produce at village level to enable the farmers to sell their produce at higher costs. Hence it is proposed to establish Post Harvest cum procurement centers to farmer groups at gram panchayat level on 50% subsidy basis.

It is proposed to supply a unit consisting paddy cleaner, grader, Paddy Drier, Moisture meter, weighing machines and stitching machine to IKP groups on 90% subsidy basis.

The hiring charges are to be fixed in the Gram Sabha. Rs 20 Crores is proposed during 2013-14.

V. Implement Hiring Stations:

It is proposed to make available in the villages, machinery pertaining to Land Preparation, Plant Protection, through Implement Hiring Stations.

These units will be kept on hire at village level. This will benefit the farmers and tenant farmers who are working on leased lands. This can be operated by farmer groups / farm labourers or unemployed youth in the village. This helps small and marginal farmers as they need not invest in purchasing machinery.

The hiring charges will be fixed in Gram sabha in the village. The implement hiring station has to display the charges for hiring the machinery. It is proposed to include Rs. 10000/-in a unit cost of Implement hiring stations towards incidental charges.

It is proposed to fix the value of machinery to be kept at implement hiring stations to Rs. 4 -8 lakhs per unit.

The beneficiary groups may get the Bank loan or may contribute the non subsidy portion to establish the center from their resources. Rs. 10 crores is proposed during 2013-14.

VI. Training and demonstration and Display center for High cost Machinery:

In order to make effective use of the machinery supplied, demonstration and trainings are required. Some machinery may be procured by the Department to demonstrate the equipment to the farmers in the villages. Brochures, field visits, capacity building to increase the skilled work force availability in the villages is proposed to be improved. Training and display centers can be located in Farmers Training centres, ATMA and AP Agros display centers for this Rs 0.50 crores is proposed.

VII. Supply of High cost machinery to groups with a subsidy limitation

There is a demand for some categories of high cost machinery under the mid range category of machinery by farmers groups (3 farmers) which are costing between Rs.1.00 to Rs.5.00 lakh . Hence 50% subsidy is proposed to the farmer groups under this mid range equipment (cost ranging between Rs. 1.00 to Rs. 5.00 Lakhs).

VIII. New scheme: Introduction of Solar pump sets :

Due to the need to save the crops during the critical periods, it is proposed to introduce solar pump sets in some districts @ 2 districts per region this year.

Solar pump sets and panels are proposed to draw the water from the bore wells already drilled. These pump sets will draw water from bore well using solar power during the day and use single phase of 220 volts at nights to draw water.

It is proposed to supply 4 HP Solar pumpsets (equivalent to 5 HP conventional pumpsets) which costs nearly Rs.4.00 to Rs.5.00 lakh. The subsidy proposed under RKVY is 50% i.e., (Rs. 2 to Rs. 2.5 lakhs). It is proposed to add 30% (Rs. 1.2 Lakhs) of the assistance given by MNRE department and the remaining to be availed as bank loan by the beneficiary or from his own resources.

An amount of Rs. 25 crores is proposed for this item. Hence it is proposed to take up nearly 1000 solar pump sets with RKVY funds.


In respect of High cost machinery costing more than Rs.15.00 lakhs it is proposed to give a subsidy as shown below.


It is proposed to make available the above said machinery and any high cost machinery above Rs. 15.00 lakhs with a subsidy limitation of Rs. 5.00 Lakhs.An amount of Rs 5.00 crores is proposed towards supply of 100 nos of high cost machinery to individuals.

Conclusion:

Custom Hiring Stations will extend the benefit of Farm Mechanization to small and marginal farmers. It is also proposed to allow change of allocation from one crop category of Custom Hiring to another category based on the demand at the time of implementation during the cropping season in Kharif 2013 and Rabi 2013-14.




 
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